3 Dec 2016

General News & Items of Interest to DemographersRSS


NY Times Census News

With Fertility Rate in China Low, Some Press to Legalize Births Outside Marriage

The average Chinese woman has just 1.05 children, according to recently released findings from a government census.

Missouri Voters to Weigh Ban on Expanding Sales Tax to Services

The state will vote on an amendment prohibiting the collection of sales tax on a range of services, including car repairs, haircuts and legal work.

Foreign Spouse, Happy Life

My French husband doesn’t always introduce me, and our chances of divorce are high, but that’s no reason not to “marry out.”

Actually, Income in Rural America Is Growing, Too

A widely reported fact from the new Census Bureau turns out, on closer inspection, to be wrong.

Obama’s Trickle-Up Economics

New statistics show that government can raise the quality of life for ordinary families without hurting the economy.

Max Planck Inst for Demographic Research

Evaluating multi-regional population projections

On December 1, Joel E. Cohen from the Rockefeller University, NY, USA, will give a talk at the MPIDR entitled "Evaluating multi-regional population projections with Taylor's law of mean-variance scaling and its generalization".

Individual lifespans are becoming more similar

New PNAS study: The higher the life expectancy in a society, the smaller the difference between the ages at which people will die. Scientists discover a novel regularity for vastly different human societies and epochs.

4th Human Mortality Database Symposium: Similarities and peculiarities on the way to longer life in human populations

In 2017 the Human Mortality Database Project celebrates its 15th anniversary. On this occasion a symposium will be held on May 22 to 23, 2017 in Berlin.

Rostock Retreat on data visualization

In June 2017 the MPIDR hosts the Rostock Retreat on data visualization. The retreat aims to bring together people  interested in the visualization of population data. Applications will be accepted until January 15, 2017.

New database with individual statistics from the 19th century

The database RAPHIS has gone online recently. It contains individual data from censuses, church registries and death registers in Rostock from 1800 to 1905.

Demography Matters

The Globe and Mail on the Syrian refugee population in Canada

In The Globe and Mail, journalist Joe Friesen's data-driven analysis "Syrian exodus to Canada: One year later, a look at who the refugees are and where they went" takes a look at how the tens of thousands of Syrian refugees resettled Canada are doing. The initial surge of arrivals was fuelled primarily by privately sponsored refugees whose applications were already in the pipeline under the

A brief note on the demographic prospects of Cuba

Over at my blog this evening, I posted an article reflecting on the evidence for substantial economic decline in Cuba under Castro, not only decline relative to its peers (southern and central Europe, high-income Latin America) but even, at times, of absolute decline. A country that had severe problems of inequality went on to acquire worse problems. Of all the economies in the world to be

What demographic issues do you think matter right now?

Are there particular trends you are interested in? Are there particular regions you would like to read about? Would analyses of the present here, try to predict the future, aim for a better understanding of the past? Would you like to be the one doing the analyzing? Discuss, please.

A brief observation on the 2016 US presidential election

I've been following the aftermath of the 2016 presidential elections in the United States over at my blog with no small amount of concern. I acknowledge, in the interest of openness, that I would have personally preferred an election victory by Clinton over Trump, rooted in my belief that she would be better equipped to handle issues--including demographic ones--better than Trump. Still, it is

"Trump's Win Isn't the Death of Data--It Was Flawed All Along"

I'm going to react at greater length and in greater detail to the surprise outcome of the American presidential election. In the meantime, I'd like to point readers to Cade Metz's Wired article "Trump's Win Isn't the Death of Data--It Was Flawed All Along". It raises a lot of interesting questions about statistics collection generally, not just political polling. The lesson of Trump’s victory is

The Economist

Demography and desire: The empty crib

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Brave new worlds Fly Title:  Demography and desire Location:  ATHENS, LAGOS AND MUMBAI Main image:  20160827_FBD001_0.jpg ALTHOUGH he recently lost his job, T. R. Seshadri is a contented middle-aged man. He rides a Royal Enfield motorbike and plays badminton every day. Two years ago he acquired a small flat on the outskirts of Mumbai, which he plans to rent out. Most satisfying of all, Mr Sesadri and his wife have two children, a boy and a girl—“the perfect combination”, he says. An only child does not learn to compromise, argues Mr Seshadri. A lone boy never has to wait for his sibling to leave the bathroom and never has to concede over which television programme to watch. But three children are too many in modern India. “If someone has a third child, people will think, what the hell is he doing?” he says. Some will scornfully ask: “Did you have two daughters first?” No—two is just right. Urban India played a starring role in “The ...

Demographics: Not so fast

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Looking for a home Fly Title:  Demographics A CONSPIRACY THEORY took hold in Germany last year: it was self-interest, said critics, not compassion, that led Angela Merkel to open the door to hundreds of thousands of refugees. Greying Germany, expected to lose 10m of its current population of 81m by 2060, desperately needed an injection of young workers to boost its labour force and prop up its pension schemes. Who better to provide it than the young migrants streaming across the border? And what was good for Germany was good for its neighbours. Nine of the world’s ten countries with the highest share of over-65s are European (the tenth is Japan). Nor are more babies likely to bring relief: the fertility rate in all EU countries is below—often far below—the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman. Four-fifths of asylum applicants in the EU last year were younger than 35. Thanks to immigration, Germany’s population stopped falling in 2011 and has been rising slightly but steadily ever since. Young immigrants can help ageing societies in two ways: they lower the dependency ...

The week ahead: Bye bye baby

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Fly Title:  The week ahead Byline:  Economist.com Main image:  20160430_mma905_107.jpg Rubric:  This week our correspondents discuss Uber's ongoing battle over the rights of its drivers and the curious case of declining birth rates in rich countries Published:  20160429 Source:  Online extra Enabled

Demography: The strange case of the missing baby

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  How to measure prosperity Fly Title:  Demography Main image:  20160430_IRD001_0.jpg HE IS not exactly leading by example, but Pope Francis wants more babies. “The great challenge of Europe is to return to being mother Europe,” he said last year, while suggesting that young people might be having too few children because they preferred holidays. Europe certainly lacks young souls, particularly in Catholic countries such as Italy and Spain. But the baby shortage is broader: mother America and mother Australia have gone missing, too. They were certainly present a decade ago. Although birth rates were low in the former communist countries of eastern Europe, and in traditionalist places where it is hard to combine work with motherhood—think Japan, South Korea and southern Europe—many countries were having a baby boom. In the decade to 2008, the total fertility rate (the number of children a woman can expect to have in her lifetime based on present patterns) rose in much of the rich world. In Britain it went up ...

Immigrant fertility: Fecund foreigners?

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  How to measure prosperity Fly Title:  Immigrant fertility Location:  DUISBURG FOR a Turkish woman ready to start a household, Weseler Strasse in Duisburg is a one-stop shop. There, in the shadow of an enormous steel works, are dozens of stores selling wedding dresses and glitzy tuxedos; jewellery and home furnishings. What this stretch of Weseler Strasse does not contain is a baby shop. In the early 1980s women with foreign passports in Duisburg had a birth rate much higher than native Germans (see chart). Most of the foreigners were Turks, who had settled in this Ruhr Valley city for its industrial jobs and brought their big-family culture with them. But then came an astonishing drop. Today foreigners are actually slightly less fertile than natives. That is saying something: German women in Duisburg, and in Germany as a whole, do not have nearly enough babies to keep the population ticking over naturally. Xenophobes and xenophiles share a belief in the fecundity of newcomers. “Immigrants are more ...

Urban Institute

Death Rates for US Women Ages 15 to 54 : Some Unexpected Trends

Recent trends in death rates among US women ages 15 to 54 reveal that rates among non-Hispanic whites are rising for many causes of death. These rising causes include accidental poisoning (linked to the epidemic of prescription opioids), suicide, and obesity- and smoking-related diseases. Specific changes in behavior might reduce some of these death rates, but the range of rising causes of death among white women suggests a need for a broader perspective on the social determinants of health. Unhealthy behaviors often arise and persist within certain social and economic contexts, and such behaviors resist improvement or are replaced by other unhealthy behaviors unless those contexts change.

Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care, Issue Brief 2: Financial Literacy and Asset Building Programs

This issue brief is one of three that focus on programs providing services to youth transitioning out of foster care in three common service domains: education, employment, and financial literacy and asset building. This brief highlights why financial literacy and asset building services are important to youth currently or formerly in foster care, what we know about the current types of programs and services offered in this service area, and the effectiveness of these services. Drawing on a review of existing research and convenings conducted with researchers, program managers, and federal staff, this brief address remaining research gaps and how the available evidence should inform future planning for evaluation activities.

Preparing for a "Next Generation" Evaluation of Independent Living Programs for Youth in Foster Care

Policymakers have long been concerned about the poor outcomes experienced by youth in foster care transitioning to adulthood. Experimental evaluations of independent living programs conducted under the John H Chafee Independence Act found the programs studied showed limited evidence of effectiveness; however, the evaluation made important observations about independent living programs overall and provided guidance for ongoing efforts to improve services for transition-age youth in foster care. This brief presents a conceptual framework, typology, and central conclusions from current planning efforts to develop an agenda for future evaluation activities.

Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care, Issue Brief 3: Employment Programs

This issue brief is one of three that focus on programs providing services to youth transitioning out of foster care in three common service domains: education, employment, and financial literacy and asset building. This brief highlights why employment services are important to youth currently or formerly in foster care, what we know about the current types of programs and services offered in this service area, and the effectiveness of these services. Drawing on a review of existing research and convenings conducted with researchers, program managers, and federal staff, this brief address remaining research gaps and how the available evidence should inform future planning for evaluation activities.

Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care, Issue Brief 1: Education Programs

This issue brief is one of three that focus on programs providing services to youth transitioning out of foster care in three common service domains: education, employment, and financial literacy and asset building. This brief highlights why education services are important to youth currently or formerly in foster care, what we know about the current types of programs and services offered in this service area, and the effectiveness of these services. Drawing on a review of existing research and convenings conducted with researchers, program managers, and federal staff, this brief address remaining research gaps and how the available evidence should inform future planning for evaluation activities.

INED

In the press this week

A selection of French press article on population issues [FR]

Conférence de presse de l’Enquête Virage