23 Jan 2017

General News & Items of Interest to DemographersRSS


NY Times Census News

Growth of U.S. Population Is at Slowest Pace Since 1937

Census data reveal where people in America are moving (Utah), and where they are not (the Northeast).

Hispanic Surnames on the Rise in U.S. as Immigration Surges

The ascendancy of Lopez and Gonzalez reflects both the surge of immigrants from Latin America and the fact that Hispanic surnames tend to be less diverse.

With Fertility Rate in China Low, Some Press to Legalize Births Outside Marriage

The average Chinese woman has just 1.05 children, according to recently released findings from a government census.

Missouri Voters to Weigh Ban on Expanding Sales Tax to Services

The state will vote on an amendment prohibiting the collection of sales tax on a range of services, including car repairs, haircuts and legal work.

Foreign Spouse, Happy Life

My French husband doesn’t always introduce me, and our chances of divorce are high, but that’s no reason not to “marry out.”

Max Planck Inst for Demographic Research

Caravan of Science 2017

From January 11 to 24, the “Wissenskarawane” gives school students the opportunity to get insights into the research done at research institutes in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. On January 17, the MPIDR opens its doors to students.  

Less children per man than per woman

A new MPIDR study makes birthrates for men in Germany available for the first time. Men on average have less children then women and have them later in life. Differences are strongest in eastern Germany, where men set a new world record for low fertility.

More people without children or less people with many children?

Read in the new issue of “Demografische Forschung Aus Erster Hand“ how strongly future life expectancy in the Netherlands depends on the level of education and what impact a large health sector has on prosperity and economic growth.

Cognitive abilities of low birth weight children show strong improvement

A low birth weight is considered a risk factor for decreased cognitive abilities in later life. This risk factor now seems to be dissolving; it is much less pronounced in younger birth cohorts.

Congratulations!

On December 15, former MPIDR PhD student László Németh successfully defended his thesis at the University of Rostock.

Demography Matters

On Max Roser's A history of global living conditions in 5 charts and the future

Some days ago, I saw shared on Facebook an essay, Max Roser's "A history of global living conditions in 5 charts" at the Our World in Data project. In this essay, Roser makes the argument--contrary to the zeigeist of 2016--that, in fact, in the longue durée things have been getting decidedly better for people. Extreme poverty and premature mortality have faded, rates of literacy and education

Nature's Amy MaxMen on the achievements of Gapminder's Hans Rosling

In January 2011 and June 2013, I linked to two videos by Swedish statistician and popularizer Hans Rosling demonstrating different demographic trends. Today, via 3 Quarks Daily, I came across Amy Maxmen's excellent long-format article on Rosling and his accomplishments, "Three minutes with Hans Rosling will change your mind about the world". It does a great job of explaining just what Rosling,

"Census still vulnerable to political meddling, says former chief"

Canadian newsmagazine MacLean's hosts Jordan Press' Canadian Press article "Census still vulnerable to political meddling, says former chief". Wayne Smith warns that the Canadian census is still vulnerable to political interference, even with new legislation. The federal government’s bid to protect Statistics Canada from political interference has a significant oversight that exposes the census

The Globe and Mail on the Syrian refugee population in Canada

In The Globe and Mail, journalist Joe Friesen's data-driven analysis "Syrian exodus to Canada: One year later, a look at who the refugees are and where they went" takes a look at how the tens of thousands of Syrian refugees resettled Canada are doing. The initial surge of arrivals was fuelled primarily by privately sponsored refugees whose applications were already in the pipeline under the

A brief note on the demographic prospects of Cuba

Over at my blog this evening, I posted an article reflecting on the evidence for substantial economic decline in Cuba under Castro, not only decline relative to its peers (southern and central Europe, high-income Latin America) but even, at times, of absolute decline. A country that had severe problems of inequality went on to acquire worse problems. Of all the economies in the world to be

The Economist

Gendercide: The war on baby girls winds down

Print section Print Rubric:  The war on baby girls has turned. Thank urbanisation, economics and soap operas Print Headline:  Boy trouble Print Fly Title:  Sex selection UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  The 45th president Fly Title:  Gendercide Main image:  20170121_IRD001_0.jpg FOR something so private and covert, the selective abortion of female fetuses is an oddly common topic of conversation in India. Narendra Modi, the prime minister, exhorts his countrymen to save girls and send them to school. When Sakshi Malik won India’s first medal at the Rio Olympics, in wrestling, it was an occasion for regret as well as national chest-beating. Such victories are only possible when girls are not killed, commented Virender Sehwag, a dashing cricketer turned Twitter star. India has cause to fret. According to two demographers, John Bongaarts and Christophe ...

Demography and desire: The empty crib

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Brave new worlds Fly Title:  Demography and desire Location:  ATHENS, LAGOS AND MUMBAI Main image:  20160827_FBD001_0.jpg ALTHOUGH he recently lost his job, T. R. Seshadri is a contented middle-aged man. He rides a Royal Enfield motorbike and plays badminton every day. Two years ago he acquired a small flat on the outskirts of Mumbai, which he plans to rent out. Most satisfying of all, Mr Sesadri and his wife have two children, a boy and a girl—“the perfect combination”, he says. An only child does not learn to compromise, argues Mr Seshadri. A lone boy never has to wait for his sibling to leave the bathroom and never has to concede over which television programme to watch. But three children are too many in modern India. “If someone has a third child, people will think, what the hell is he doing?” he says. Some will scornfully ask: “Did you have two daughters first?” No—two is just right. Urban India played a starring role in “The ...

Demographics: Not so fast

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  Looking for a home Fly Title:  Demographics A CONSPIRACY THEORY took hold in Germany last year: it was self-interest, said critics, not compassion, that led Angela Merkel to open the door to hundreds of thousands of refugees. Greying Germany, expected to lose 10m of its current population of 81m by 2060, desperately needed an injection of young workers to boost its labour force and prop up its pension schemes. Who better to provide it than the young migrants streaming across the border? And what was good for Germany was good for its neighbours. Nine of the world’s ten countries with the highest share of over-65s are European (the tenth is Japan). Nor are more babies likely to bring relief: the fertility rate in all EU countries is below—often far below—the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman. Four-fifths of asylum applicants in the EU last year were younger than 35. Thanks to immigration, Germany’s population stopped falling in 2011 and has been rising slightly but steadily ever since. Young immigrants can help ageing societies in two ways: they lower the dependency ...

The week ahead: Bye bye baby

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Fly Title:  The week ahead Byline:  Economist.com Main image:  20160430_mma905_107.jpg Rubric:  This week our correspondents discuss Uber's ongoing battle over the rights of its drivers and the curious case of declining birth rates in rich countries Published:  20160429 Source:  Online extra Enabled

Demography: The strange case of the missing baby

Print section UK Only Article:  standard article Issue:  How to measure prosperity Fly Title:  Demography Main image:  20160430_IRD001_0.jpg HE IS not exactly leading by example, but Pope Francis wants more babies. “The great challenge of Europe is to return to being mother Europe,” he said last year, while suggesting that young people might be having too few children because they preferred holidays. Europe certainly lacks young souls, particularly in Catholic countries such as Italy and Spain. But the baby shortage is broader: mother America and mother Australia have gone missing, too. They were certainly present a decade ago. Although birth rates were low in the former communist countries of eastern Europe, and in traditionalist places where it is hard to combine work with motherhood—think Japan, South Korea and southern Europe—many countries were having a baby boom. In the decade to 2008, the total fertility rate (the number of children a woman can expect to have in her lifetime based on present patterns) rose in much of the rich world. In Britain it went up ...

Urban Institute

Death Rates for US Women Ages 15 to 54 : Some Unexpected Trends

Recent trends in death rates among US women ages 15 to 54 reveal that rates among non-Hispanic whites are rising for many causes of death. These rising causes include accidental poisoning (linked to the epidemic of prescription opioids), suicide, and obesity- and smoking-related diseases. Specific changes in behavior might reduce some of these death rates, but the range of rising causes of death among white women suggests a need for a broader perspective on the social determinants of health. Unhealthy behaviors often arise and persist within certain social and economic contexts, and such behaviors resist improvement or are replaced by other unhealthy behaviors unless those contexts change.

Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care, Issue Brief 2: Financial Literacy and Asset Building Programs

This issue brief is one of three that focus on programs providing services to youth transitioning out of foster care in three common service domains: education, employment, and financial literacy and asset building. This brief highlights why financial literacy and asset building services are important to youth currently or formerly in foster care, what we know about the current types of programs and services offered in this service area, and the effectiveness of these services. Drawing on a review of existing research and convenings conducted with researchers, program managers, and federal staff, this brief address remaining research gaps and how the available evidence should inform future planning for evaluation activities.

Preparing for a "Next Generation" Evaluation of Independent Living Programs for Youth in Foster Care

Policymakers have long been concerned about the poor outcomes experienced by youth in foster care transitioning to adulthood. Experimental evaluations of independent living programs conducted under the John H Chafee Independence Act found the programs studied showed limited evidence of effectiveness; however, the evaluation made important observations about independent living programs overall and provided guidance for ongoing efforts to improve services for transition-age youth in foster care. This brief presents a conceptual framework, typology, and central conclusions from current planning efforts to develop an agenda for future evaluation activities.

Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care, Issue Brief 3: Employment Programs

This issue brief is one of three that focus on programs providing services to youth transitioning out of foster care in three common service domains: education, employment, and financial literacy and asset building. This brief highlights why employment services are important to youth currently or formerly in foster care, what we know about the current types of programs and services offered in this service area, and the effectiveness of these services. Drawing on a review of existing research and convenings conducted with researchers, program managers, and federal staff, this brief address remaining research gaps and how the available evidence should inform future planning for evaluation activities.

Supporting Youth Transitioning out of Foster Care, Issue Brief 1: Education Programs

This issue brief is one of three that focus on programs providing services to youth transitioning out of foster care in three common service domains: education, employment, and financial literacy and asset building. This brief highlights why education services are important to youth currently or formerly in foster care, what we know about the current types of programs and services offered in this service area, and the effectiveness of these services. Drawing on a review of existing research and convenings conducted with researchers, program managers, and federal staff, this brief address remaining research gaps and how the available evidence should inform future planning for evaluation activities.

INED

In the press this week

A selection of French press article on population issues [FR]

2017 Wishes